Intrauterine Device (IUD)

The intrauterine device or IUD is a small match stick sized plastic and copper device, nowadays often T shaped, which is placed inside the womb. The word intrauterine means “inside the womb” and IUDs work by preventing the egg from being fertilized or implanted inside the womb and also prevent a fertilized egg from attaching to the lining of the uterus. The IUD also works by helping to create a barrier of mucus within the cervix which blocks the route of sperm.  The copper element of the device also has a spermicidal effect helping to raise the level of effectiveness a user experiences from an IUD. The device has two threads which hang slightly down from the vagina and are most commonly used by doctors to check and remove it correctly.